The 1916 Rising was born out of the Conservative and Unionist parties’ illegal defiance of the democratically expressed wish of the Irish electorate for Home Rule; and of confusion, mishap and disorganisation, compounded by a split within the Volunteer leadership.
John Redmond, the leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, had urged Irishmen to enlist in the British Army, believing this would secure Home Rule at a later stage. He found the support of some 175,000 members into the ‘National Volunteers’, leaving the ‘Irish Volunteers’ with a maximum of 13,500.
On Easter Monday, 24 April, the rebels seized a number of strong points in Dublin and held them until blasted from their positions by an overwhelming superiority in numbers and the use of artillery.
They surrendered on the Saturday, 29 April.
They had little support for the week from the people of Dublin, as almost every family had a member or relative fighting in the War, but this changed when the leaders were executed.
This Easter Week 1916 was also the first anniversary of the 2nd Battle of Ypres in which the Dublin Fusiliers suffered very heavy losses.
The Rising had killed over 460 people and about 2,600 were wounded.
The official number of casualties for the British Army issued after the Rising is as follows:
Officers; Killed - 17, Wounded - 46, Missing - 0.
Others Ranks; Killed - 86, Wounded - 311, Missing - 9.
16 policemen died, and 29 were wounded.
Civilian casualties were about 250 dead.
The Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army recorded 64 killed in action, but otherwise Irish casualties were not divided into rebels and civilians.
Many of the British soldiers killed were Irishmen. British families came to Dublin Castle in May 1916 to reclaim the bodies and funerals were arranged. British bodies which were not claimed were given military funerals in Grangegorman Military Cemetery.
All 16 police fatalities can be found on -
Many excellent books have been written about the Easter Rising, and with the centenary approaching, many more will appear on the shelves. However the Irish regiments of the British Army seldom get mentioned although on the first two days of the fighting it was mainly those that were involved. Sometime in 2015, a new book by Neil Richardson should change that.
Neil Richardson is author of the award-winning 'A Coward If I Return, A Hero If I Fall: Stories of Irishmen in WWI' and 'Dark Times, Decent Men: Stories of Irishmen in WWII'.
His new book, 'According to Their Lights: Irish Soldiers in the British Army during Easter 1916', will be released by Collins Press in 2015 -
See more at:
An excellent narrative history of Easter Week can be found in-
The Easter Rebellion by Max Caulfield.
It is almost an hour by hour narrative, of both sides, immensely detailed and with great clarity. It was written by 1963, when he was still able to interview many survivors of the Rising. An updated edition was published in 1995.
The strength of the British Forces and a list of events can be found on -
A further source of events of the Rising and lists of those killed and wounded can be found in the Sinn Féin Rebellion Handbook, Easter 1916.
Some names are spelt incorrectly, as well as the occasional mistake.
A full list of the British soldiers killed in the Rising can also be found on -http://irishmedals.org/participants-in-the-1916-rising_1.html
The following is a confirmed list, to date, of those killed that were born in Ireland. Others have yet to be confirmed, including those that were born outside Ireland to Irish parents.
Royal Irish Regiment
On Easter Monday, 24-04-1916, a section of the 3rd Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment (100 men) came under fire from the South Dublin Union, Jame’s Street and again when they attacked from the Rialto entrance.
On the 28-04-1916, they occupied Great Britain Street. (Parnell St.)
On the 29-04-1916, they attacked the G.P.O.
Brennan John 9952 Corporal 3rd Battalion
Born in Gowran, Co. Kilkenny. Enlisted in Kilkenny. Died in Dublin
Carr Michael 9852 Private 3rd Battalion
Enlisted in Dublin. Lived in Mulhuddart, Co. Dublin.
Buried with others in Dr. Steeven’s Hospital, Dublin.
Cavanagh James 213 late 8357 Private 2nd Garrison Battalion
Born in Cobra, Co. Monaghan. Enlisted in Glasgow. Died in Dublin.
Duffy James 9947 Private 3rd Battalion
Born in Carisvilla, Co. Kildare. Enlisted in Limerick. Died in Dublin.
Flynn John 8786 Private 2nd Garrison Battalion
Born and enlisted in St. John’s, Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Tipperary.
Died in Dublin 02-06-1916.
Treacy Thomas 11162 Private 3rd Battalion
Born in Mordike, Co. Tipperary. Enlisted in Clonmel. Co. Tipperary.
Died in Dublin 24-04-1916.
Ramsey Alan Livingstone Captain 3rd Battalion
Son of Daniel Livingstone Ramsey, Justice of the Peace of the Royal Nurseries, Ballsbridge, Dublin. Died in Dublin 24-04-1916. Aged 26.
He died leading the attack on the Rebels in the South Dublin Union.
Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers
Knox Francis William White 27861 Private 12th Battalion
Born in Delgany. Enlisted in Bray. Lived in Graystones, Co. Wicklow.
Died in Dublin when a shell he was firing exploded. Aged 37.
Royal Irish Rifles
On Easter Monday, they came under fire in Camden Street from the roof of Jacobs.
Gamble Robert 8833 Company Quartermaster Sergeant 2nd Battalion
Born in St. Mary’s, Dublin. Died in Dublin. Aged 28.
Duggan Cornelius 3/5470 Rifleman 3rd Battalion
Born in Templecrone, Co. Tipperary. Enlisted in Glasgow. Lived in Letterkenny, Co. Donegal. Died in Dublin 29-04-1916. Aged 23.
Hanna John 6774 Private 4th Battalion
Born in Downpatrick, Co. Down. Enlisted in Newtownards, Co. Down.
Lived in Belfast. Died in Dublin 28-04-1916.
Mulhern John 5797 Rifleman 3rd Battalion
Born in Carrick-on-Shannon, Co. Leitrim. Enlisted in Dublin. Aged 32.
He was husband of Annie Muldern, 6 Stephen’s Place, Lr. Mount St., Dublin.
Died in Dublin 24-04-1916. He was killed by a sniper near Bachelors Walk.
Nolan J. 8692 Rifleman
Born and enlisted in Dublin. Died in Dublin 24-04-1916. Aged 20.
Son of Mrs. M. Nolan, 48 Power’s Court, Mount St., Dublin.
McCullough James 3728 Rifleman
Husband of S. A. McCullough, 29 Manor St., Donaghadee, Co. Down.
Died in Dublin 02-05-1916. Aged 38.
McClelland Alexander 7610 Rifleman
Son of James and Agnes McClelland, Balligan, Kircubbin, Co. Down.
Buried in Grey Abbey Cemetery, Co. Down. Died in Dublin 27-04-1916
Calvert J H Second Lieutenant 6th Battalion
Came from Portadown, Co. Armagh. Died in Dublin 24-04-1916.
Royal Dublin Fusiliers
The 10th Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers were training at the Royal barracks in Dublin when the Easter Rising broke on Monday 24 April. They were involved in relieving Dublin Castle. On the Wednesday, 26-04-1916, they launched an attack on the Rebels holding the Mendicity Institution, Usher’s Island, when they were fired on. The rebels, commanded by Capt. Seán Heuston, surrendered.
The 5th Battalion, who were at the Curragh, arrived by train in Dublin early on the Tuesday morning. They appear to have been involved in the storming of the City Hall and the Daily Express offices. About seven of them were killed during the week.
The 4th Battalion were brought in from Templemore and they fought the rebels in the Broadstone railway station, and along the track to the Cabra bridge.
These are just some of those killed.
Byrne James 18259 Private (Depot)
Born and enlisted in Dublin. Died in Dublin 01-05-1916. Aged 19.
Humphreys John William H. 19222 Corporal ‘A’ Coy. 5th Battalion
Born and enlisted in Dublin. Died in Dublin 25-04-1916. Aged 29.
Watchorn Abraham 25026 Private 5th Battalion
Son of Abraham Watchorn of Williamstown, Rathvilly, C. Carlow.
Died in Dublin 26-04-1916. Aged 21.
Brennan Francis A. 25244 Private 10th Battalion
Born and lived in Dublin. Son of C. And E. Brennan, Ushers Island, Dublin.
Died in Dublin 24-04-1916.
Thompson John 24923 Private 5th Battalion
Born in Drumany, Macken, Co. Fermanagh. Enlisted in Dublin. Aged 19.
Hare Henry 6754 Sergeant 5th Battalion Aged 40.
Born and enlisted in Dublin. Lived in Belfast. Died in Dublin 26-04-1916.
Neilan Gerald Aloysius Lieutenant 10th Battalion
Son of John Neilan J.P., Ballygalda, Co. Roscommon and Mrs. Neilan, 4 Mount Harold Terrace, Leinster Road, Dublin.
Died in Dublin 24-04-1916. He was killed by a sniper while trying to dislodge rebels from the Mendicity Institution on Ushers Island. Aged 34.
5th (Royal Irish) Lancers
On Easter Monday a troop of the 6th Reserve Cavalry, which included some 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers proceeded down Sackville (O’Connell) Street and the Rebels opened fire from the G.P.O. and opposite buildings. Earlier, they had come under fire in the Church St./North King St. Area, where 6 or 7 of them were hit.
Leen Patrick GS/16095 Private
Born in Abbeyfeale, Co. Limerick. Died in Dublin 01-05-1916. Aged 22.
Royal Irish Fusiliers
Morton Nathaniel 18/250 Lance Corporal
Son of James Morton, 22 Woodvale St., Belfast.
Died in Dublin 29-04-1916. Aged 19.
Cullen Joseph G/1015 Private 2nd Garrison Battalion
Born in Shankill, Belfast. Enlisted in Belfast. Died in Dublin 25-04-1916.
Brosnan Patrick 15231 Sergeant Major 3rd Battalion
Born in Dunmanway, Co. Cork. Lived and enlisted in Dublin.
Died in Dublin 25-04-1916. Aged 50.
Prince of Wales, Leinster Regiment
Some units of the Leinsters were used for sniping on the roofs of Trinity College, McBirneys Store on the Quays and the tower of Amiens Street Station, along with some Canadian and Anzac troops.
Moore C. 2496 Private
Born in Dublin. Died in Dublin 26-04-1916. Aged 28.
Army Service Corps
Acheson Percival Havelock Major
Came from I’ve-le-Bawn, Fermoy, Co. Cork. Died in Dublin 29-04-1916.
Irish Volunteer Training Corps (Kingstown)
These were the Home Defence Force known as the ‘Georgius Rex’.They were mostly elderly and the people of Dublin called them the ‘Gorgeous Wrecks’.On Easter Monday they were fired on, in the Beggar’s Bush area, by the Volunteers. They were returning home from manoeuvres, in uniform with rifles, but with no ammunition.
Browning Francis H. Sub-Commander
He came from Dublin. Died in Dublin 26-04-1916. Aged 47.
Hit by gunfire from house at corner of Northumberland Road and Haddington Road on the 24-04-1916 and died two days later.
Clery Reginald F. Lance-Corporal
He came from Dublin. Died in Dublin 24th or 25-04-1916. Aged 22.
He was mortally wounded at Beggar’s Bush Barracks on the 24-04-1916.
Gibbs John Henry
He came from Dublin. Died in Dublin 24th or 25-04-1916. Aged 55.
There are many more to be added to this list.